Oklahoma Agriculture Blog

Oklahoma’s Official Agricultural Information Site

State Cattle Numbers Decline, Sheep Inventory Steady and Goats Increase

Posted by arthur1234 on January 29, 2011

Our Oklahoma Agriculture Statistics Service released some pretty important survey results yesterday. Here are the narratives:

The January 1, 2011, inventory of all cattle and calves in Oklahoma, at 5.10 million head, was down 400 thousand head from the January 1, 2010 inventory. All cows and heifers that had calved, at 2.09 million head, were down 2 percent and bulls, at 135 thousand head, were down 10 percent from January 1, 2010. All heifers over 500 pounds, at 895 thousand head, were down 9 percent from last year. Steers over 500 pounds, at 1.03 million head, were down 17 percent from January 1, 2010.

The 2010 calf crop, at 1.90 million head, was down 1 percent from the previous year. Calves, other heifers and steers grazing on small grain pasture in Oklahoma, Kansas and Texas totaled 1.92 million head, up 16 percent from a year earlier.

All cattle and calves in the United States on January 1, 2011, totaled 92.6 million head, 1 percent below the 93.9 million on January 1, 2010. This is the lowest January 1 inventory of all cattle and calves since the 91.2 million on hand in 1958. All cows and heifers that have calved, at 40.0 million, were down 1 percent from the 40.5 million on January 1, 2010.

The 2010 calf crop was estimated at 35.7 million head, down 1 percent from 2009. This is the smallest calf crop since the 34.9 million born during 1950. Calves born during the first half of the year are estimated at 25.9 million, down 1 percent from the previous year.

Oklahoma’s sheep producers had 75,000 head of all sheep and lambs on hand January 1, 2011, unchanged from last year. Breeding ewes one year and older, at 45,000 head, are up 5 percent from last year. Rams, at 4,000 head, were down 20 percent from 2010. Replacement lambs, at 11,000 head, were unchanged from the year earlier.

Market sheep and lambs on January 1, 2011, totaled 15,000 head. Market lambs comprised 93 percent of the total. Forty percent were lambs under 65 pounds, 20 percent were 65 – 84 pounds, 7 percent were 85 – 105 pounds, and 26 percent were over 105 pounds. Market sheep comprised the remaining 7 percent of the total.

The 2010 lamb crop was 48,000 head, up 7 percent from the previous year.

Wool production in 2010 was 160,000 pounds, up 7 percent from last year. Sheep and lambs shorn totaled 30,000 head, unchanged from 2009. The average price paid for wool sold in 2010 was $0.60 per pound for a total value of $96,000, up 60 percent from 2009’s total value of $60,000.

All sheep and lamb inventory in the United States on January 1, 2011, totaled 5.53 million head, down 2 percent from 2010. Breeding sheep inventory decreased to 4.12 million head on January 1, 2011, down 2 percent from January 1, 2010. Ewes one year old and older, at 3.26 million head, were 2 percent below last year.

Market sheep and lambs on January 1, 2011, totaled 1.42 million head, down 1 percent from January 1, 2010. Market lambs comprised 94 percent of the total. Twenty-seven percent were lambs under 65 pounds, 12 percent were 65 – 84 pounds, 21 percent were 85 – 105 pounds, and 34 percent were over 105 pounds. Market sheep comprised the remaining 6 percent of total marketings.

The 2010 lamb crop of 3.60 million head was down 2 percent from 2009.

Shorn wool production during 2010 was 30.6 million pounds, down 1 percent from 2009. Sheep and lambs shorn totaled 4.22 million head, up slightly from 2009. The average price paid for wool sold in 2010 was $1.15 per pound for a total value of 35.3 million dollars, up 45 percent from 24.3 million dollars in 2009.

The majority of Oklahoma’s goats are meat-type. Initial goat estimates, which began in 2005, showed 73,000 meat goats. They peaked in 2008 when the meat-type inventory was measured at 115,000 head. The current level of 91,000 is up 1 percent from a year ago.

Milk goats make up the bulk of the remaining total goats. In 2005, there were 9,000 head estimated with a high inventory of 10,000 reached in 2006. The 2011 inventory of 6,000 is down 2,100 head from last year.

All goat inventory in the United States on January 1, 2011, totaled 3.00 million head, down 1 percent from 2010. Breeding goat inventory totaled 2.49 million head and market goats totaled 514,000 head. On January 1, 2011, angora goats totaled 172,000 head, milk goats totaled 360,000 head and meat and all other goats totaled 2.47 million head.

Mohair production in the United States during 2010 was 1.09 million pounds. Goats and kids clipped totaled 181,000 head. Average weight per clip was 6.0 pounds. Mohair price was $3.49 per pound with a value of 3.79 million dollars.

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